Basic English Grammar

Parts of Speech in English and Urdu with examples

Written by Muhammad maaz

Tip Sheet

The Eight Parts Of Speech In English Grammar

There are Eight parts of speech In the English language; the first are nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, prepositions, interjections, and conjunctions. You need to learn parts of speech to speak and understand English. So here you will learn all parts of speech in English Grammar.

What is Part of Speech In Urdu?

قواعدی اجزاکلام کیا ہے؟

Parts of speech meaning in Urdu is “Quavidi ijza kalam”  and the translation of Part of Speech in Urdu writing script is قواعدی اجزا کلام. Words are divided into different kinds or classes. The part of speech or 8 in numbers

Part of speech کا اردو معنی اجزاے کلام ہے۔ الفاظوں کو مختلف اقسام میں تقسیم کرنا اجزاے کلام کہلاتا ہے۔

  •  Noun    اسم
  • Verb      فعل
  • Pronoun  اسم ضمیر
  • Adjective  اسم صفت  
  • Adverb  متعلق فعل
  • Preposition  حرف ربط
  • Conjunction  ہم وقتی
  • Interjection  حرف استعجابیہ

Parts Of Speech Definition

The Oxford Learner’s Dictionary definies Parts Of Speech as, ” one of the classes into which words are divided according to their Grammar, such as noun, verb, adjective etc.”

Why parts of Speech Are Important For English Grammar?

Parts of speech are essential for a new English learner. If you want to learn English and speak with anyone, you should first learn parts of speech. Grammar is necessary for the English language. That’s why I have developed Parts of Speech in English and Urdu with examples for your English grammar. To fulfill your speaking dream, you must learn parts of speech with examples.

Parts Of Speech With Examples

Parts of speech کے معنی میں دو مختلف قسموں کے الفاظ جو لکھنے یا بولنے میں استعمال ہوتے ہیں۔اردو میں بامعنی الفاظ (یعنی کلمے کی ) تین اقسام ہیں۔

  1. اسم 
  2. حرف 
  3. فعل

Types  of Parts of speech

Eight types of parts of speech

  •  Noun    اسم
  • Verb      فعل
  • Pronoun  اسم ضمیر
  • Adjective  اسم صفت  
  • Adverb  متعلق فعل
  • Preposition  حرف ربط
  • Conjunction  ہم وقتی
  • Interjection حرف استعجابیہ

Noun  اسم

Definition :

Nouns refer to persons, animals, or events, etc. Nouns encompass most of the language.

اسم جانورں، اشخاص وغیرہ کا حوالہ دیتے ہیں۔ اسم میں بیشتر زبانیں شامل ہوتی ہیں

 

Types of Nouns:

  1. Common noun
  2. Proper noun
  3. Abstract noun
  4. Concrete noun
  5. Countable noun
  6. Uncountable noun
  7. Collective noun
  8. Singular noun
  9. Plural noun

Examples:

Ali, Cow, Book, Lahore, America, Raza.

 Sentence  Noun
Ali goes to school.  Ali
Bilal drives the car. Bilal
 This is a book. Book
Raza sings a song. Raza

Identifying Nouns in a sentence

My brother bought a soda at the store.

میرے بھائی نے سٹور سے سوڈا خیریدا۔

My cat is grey and white.

میری بلی گرے اور سفید ہے۔

The truck was loud!

ٹرک بلند تھا۔

That grasshopper jumps high!

The dog ran fast.

کتا تیز دوڑا۔

Her phone is blue.

اس کو فون نیلا ہے۔

Ali gave some balloons to Faheem.

علی نے فہیم کے کچھ غبارے دیے۔

A bee lives in a beehive.

Ali likes to eat beet.

علی چوقبصار کھانا پسند کرتا ہے۔

Maaz, Faheem, and Bilal took the bus.

معاذ، فہیم اور بلال نے بس لی۔

Matloob is eating a banana.

مطلوب کیلا کھا رہا ہے۔

Maaz painted a pretty picture.

معاذ نے ایک خوبصورت  تصویر بنائی۔

Parts of Speech with Exapmles

Pronouns With Urdu To English Examples

Definition:

A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun.

اسم ضمیر ایک ایسا لفظ ہےجو اسم کی جگہ پر استعمال ہوتا ہے۔

Types of pronouns

  • Personal pronouns
  • Demonstrative pronouns
  • Interrogative pronouns
  • Indefinite pronouns
  • Distributive pronouns
  • Possessive pronouns
  • Reciprocal pronouns
  • Relative pronouns
  • Reflexive pronouns
  • Intensive pronouns

Examples of pronoun

I, we, You, They, He, She.

Cases of Pronoun

Nominative Possessive Objective
I My Me
We Our Us
You You You
They Their Them
He His Him
She Her Her
It Its It

 

Use pronouns in these sentences

Bilal is a good boy. He plays football. He loves Bilal’s parents.

He plays with the dog.

She is running.

They bought a new house.

We like to play cricket.

I am Bilal. I like to play cricket.

It has pink flowers.

 Adjective

An adjective describes or modifies nouns and pronouns in a sentence. It normally indicates quality, shape, duration, feeling, etc.

اسم صٖفت اسم اور اسم ضمیر کو بیان کرتا پے۔ یہ خوبی، شکل اور احساسات کو بھی بیان کرتا ہے۔

Example of Adjective

Charming, fantastic, tasty, huge, gentle, honest۔

Types of Adjective

8 types of adjective:

  • Proper adjectives
  • Descriptive adjectives
  • Quantitive adjectives
  • Numeral adjectives
  • Demonstrative adjectives
  • Distributive adjectives
  • Interrogative adjectives
  • Possessive adjectives

Adjective use in sentences

Sentences Adjective
Ali is a tallboy. Tall
I have black paper. Black
You are a cheap person. Cheap
Bilal is a gentleman. Gentle

How to find an adjective in a sentence?

We live in a blue house.

ہم نیلے گھر میں رہتے ہیں۔

Hardworking students get good grades.

محنتی طلبا اچھے گریڈ حاصل کرتے ہیں۔

Big mountains are beautiful.

بڑے پہاڑ خوبصورت ہیں۔

My mother is very smart.

میری امی بہت سمارٹ ہے۔

He looks angry.

وہ غصے میں دکھائی دیتا ہے۔

She feels excited.

وہ پرجوش محسوس کرتی ہے۔

They live in a beautiful house.

وہ خوبصورت گھر میں رہتے ہیں۔

She wore a beautiful dress.

اس نے خو بصورت لبا س پہنا ۔

He writes a meaningless letter.

 وہ بے معنی خط لکھتا ہے ۔

Adverb 

Definition of Adverb:

An adverb is part of speech that provides greater description to a verb, adjective, another adverb, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence.

ایک فعل تقریر کا حصہ ہوتا پے جو کسی فعل، صفت، کسی اور فعل، فقرے ،شق یا کسی جملے ،کی وضاحت فراہم کرتا ہے

Types of Adverb:

The 5 basic types of adverbs

  • Adverbs of time
  • Adverbs  of manner
  • Adverbs of degree
  • Adverbs of place
  • Adverbs of frequency

Examples for Adverb

Beautifully, often, very, more, quiet.

Using Adverb in sentences

Sentences Adverb
I really like ice cream. Really
You are extremely beautiful. Extremely
Bilal plays slowly. Slowly
Ayesha sings loudly. Loudly

More sentences for Adverb

He ran quickly.

وہ تیز بھاگا۔

 I saw a very beautiful garden.

میں نے بہت خوبصورت باغ دیکھا۔

He is often wandering the streets.

وہ اکثر سڑکوں پر پھرتا رہتا ہے۔

She never tells a lie.

وہ کبھی بھی جھوٹ نہیں بولتی ہے۔

He is generally late.

وہ عام طور پر دیر کرتا ہے۔

It was how my friends celebrated my birthday.

دراصل یوں تھا کہ میرے دوستوں نے میری سالگرہ منائی۔

It is very fine today.

آج بہت ٹھیک ہے۔

He is bold enough to face the enemy.

وہ دشمن مقابلہ کرنے کے لیے کافی جرت مند ہے۔

The baby was gazing adoringly at the chocolate cake.

بچہ چاکیلٹ کیک طرف پیار سے دیکھ رہا تھا۔

The manager briefly discussed the new assignment.

منیجر اسائنمنٹ پر مختصر تبادلہ خیا ل کیا۔

He reads only good books.

وہ صرف اچھی کتابیں پڑھتا ہے۔

 He runs much faster than I.

وہ مجھ سے زیادہ تیز بھاگتا ہے۔

The child was weeping bitterly.

بچہ بری طرح رو رہا تھا۔

 

Interjection

Definition of Interjection:

Words that express sudden strong emotion are called.

ایسے الفاظ جو جزبات کو ظاہر کریں حرف استعجابیہ کہلاتا ہے۔

Types of Interjections

  1. Interjections for Greetings
  2. Interjections for Joy
  3. Interjections for approval and prise
  4. Interjections for Surprise
  5. Interjections for Grief
  6. Interjections for Bidding Farwell
  7. Interjections for Expressing Doubt or Hesitation

Examples for Interjection

Hurrah, Bravo, oops, hush.

Sentences Interjection
Hurrah! we won the match. Hurrah!
Wonderful! I like your work. Wonderful
Hush! The baby is sleeping. Hush!
 Hurrah! We will go to market. Hurrah!

More sentences for Interjection

Umm

What do you think of this? “Umm, I don’t know”.

Oww

Oww!, you stepped on my toe.

Oops

Oops,! I dropped it again.

Eww/Ew

Eww!, it’s so dirty.

Aww/Aw

Aww! Look at the cat, it’s so cute”!

Shoo

Shoo ! all of you, I am doing something.

Psst

Psst!, what’s the time.

Brr

Brr!, it’s so cold”.

Eh/ Huh

Eh?! say it again please”

Argh

Argh!, just keep quiet”.

Ahh

Ahh, that feels wonderful.

Alas

Alas! I am lost in the wilderness.

Bah

Bah! That was a total waste of time.

Bless you

Bless you! couldn’t have done it without you.

Cheerio

Cheerio! it’s time for me to go.

Congrats

Congrats! you finally got your master’s degree.

Crikey

Crikey! Do you ever think before you speak?

Good grief

Good grief! why are you wearing shorts in winter?

Grr

Grr! I am going to get back at him for that.

Humph

Humph! He probably cheated to make such grades.

Oh dear

Oh, dear! I don’t know what to do about this mess.

Shoot

Shoot! I forgot my brother’s birthday.

Well, duh

Well, duh! that was a stupid thing to do!

Yowza

Yowza! That is a gorgeous gown.

 

Preposition 

Definition of preposition:

A preposition is a word used to link nouns, pronouns, or phrases to other words within a sentence. Prepositions are usually short words, and they are normally placed in front of nouns.

Types of Preposition

There are six types of preposition

  • Prepositions for Time
  • Prepositions for Place
  • Preposition for Direction
  • Prepositions for Agent
  • Prepositions for Instruments
  • Prepositional phrases

Example of Preposition

On, in, at above, under.

Sentences Adverb
The cat is under the table. Under
Birds were flying above us. Above us
Ali is standing behind you. Behind
I will meet you at 9m. At

 

Parts- of speech- in-English to Urdu -with- Examples

Verb

A verb is a word or combination of words that indicates action or a state of being or condition. A verb is a part of the sentence that tells us what the subject performs.

Different Types Verbs

  1. Finite Verbs
  2. Nonfinite Verbs
  3. Action Verbs
  4. Linking Verbs
  5. Auxiliary Verbs
  6. Model Verbs
  7. Transitive Verbs
  8. Intransitive Verbs

Examples for Verb

Run, eat, write, play.

Sentences Verb
Bilal walks in the morning. Walks( A usual action)
Ali is going to school. Going( A condition of action)
Ali does not like to walk. Does not (A negative action)
Anna is a good girl. Is( A state of being)

More sentences for Verb

He is begging to save her mother’s life in front of the doctor.

وہ ڈاکٹر کے سامنے اپنی والدہ کی جان بچانے کے لیے بھک مانگ رہا ہے۔

Ali is writing a letter about wildlife heritage.

علی جنگلات کی زند گی کے ورثہ کے بارے میں ایک خط لکھ رہا ہے۔

You are coimg right now at the seminar.

She is smiling in front of the audience.

وہ سامعین کے سامنے مسکرا رہی ہے۔

They are selling their company’s products to people.

وہ اپنی کے پرڈکٹس لوگوں  کو بیچ رہے ہیں۔

He apologized to the teachers.

اس نے استاذہ سے معافی مانگی۔

He left this bag here and went outside.

اس نے یہ بیگ یہاں چھوڑا اور باہر چلی گئی۔

He is sitting next to you.

وہ آپ کے پاس بیٹھ رہا ہے۔

Everyone likes to watch a magic show.

ہر کوئی مجیک شو دیکھنا پسند کرتا ہے۔

America is a developed nation.

امریکہ ایک ترقی یا فتہ قوم ہے۔

Conjunction 

The word which joins together words, phrases or clauses.

Types of Conjunctions

  1. Coordinating Conjunctions
  2. Subordinating Conjunctions
  3. Correlative Conjunctions

Examples of Conjunctions

Because, but, and or.

Sentences Conjunctions
Ali and Aslam work together. And
I like milk but I don’t like tea But
I will not go to school because I am ill. Because
I like you but I don’t like him. But

Parts- of speech- in-English to Urdu -with- Examples

Urdu to English Parts of Speech with Examples Pdf Download
Get the pdf of this lesson by the following link.

Parts of Speech Quiz

This quiz will help you learn parts of speech.

  • What did she ask you to do?   اس نے آپ سے کیا کرنے کا کہا؟

Conjunction

Preposition pronoun

Pronoun

  • I bought a beautiful dress at the mall.    مینے مال  سے ایک خوبصورت لباس خریدا

Preposition

Adjective

Noun

  • I left my shoes under the kitchen table.  مینے باورچی کھانے کے میز کے نیچے اپنا جوتا چھوڑا۔

Adjective

Preposition

Pronoun

  • On Saturday I work from nine to five.    ہفتے کے دن میں نو سے پانچ بجے تک کام کرتا ہوں

Verb

Preposition

Adverb

  • I want to go to a university in the United Statesمیں متحدہ عرب امارات کی یونیورسٹی میں جانا چاہتا ہوں

Adjective

Preposition

Noun

  • Well, I don’t think I will be home before 6.     ٹھیک ہت مجھے نہیں لگتا میں 6 بجے سےپہلے  گھر ہوں گا

Interjection

Preposition

Pronoun

  • I am sure I have met your girlfriend before.    مجھے یقین ہے میں تمہاری گرل فرینڈ سے پہلے مل چکا ہوں

Verb

Preposition

Interjection

  • After lunch let’s go out for a coffee.      کھانے کے بعد کافی کے لیے باہر چلیں

Pronoun

Preposition

Verb

  • She was wearing really beautiful earrings.   اس نے واقعی ہی خوبصورت کان کی بالیاں پہن رکھیں تھیں

Adjective

Adverb

Noun

The baby crawled under the bed.     بچہ چارپائی کے نیچے رینگ گیا 

Preposition

Conjunction

Adverb

Woo, you have got a great score.     واہ آپ کو بہت اچھا سکور ملا ہے

Conjunction

Interjection

Pronoun

She quickly packed her bag and left.    اس نے جلدی سے اہنا بیگ پیک اور چلی گئی 

Noun

Adjective

Adverb

There is a party next week though I don’t think I can go. اگلے ہفتے ایک پارٹی ہے لیکن مجھے نہیں لگتا میں جا سکتا ہوں

Preposition

Conjunction

Adverb

The music is very loud.    گانا بہت اونچا ہے

Adjective

Interjection

Noun

He thinks we will arrive roughly at roughly 5 pm. اس کا خیال ہے کہ ہم شام کے قریب پانچ بجے تک پہنچیں گیں

Pronoun

Preposition

Conjunction

Take your first left then go over the bridge.

Verb

Noun

Adjective

 

Answer list

  1. Pronoun
  2. Adjective
  3. preposition
  4. Verb
  5. Noun
  6. Interjection
  7. Verb
  8. Preposition
  9. Adjective
  10. Preposition
  11. Interjection
  12. Adverb
  13. Conjunction
  14. Noun
  15. Pronoun
  16. Verb

 

 


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